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自考“英美文学选读”名词解释(5)

自考“英美文学选读”名词解释(5)

 

  61.Foreshadowing(预兆)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Foreshadowing, the use of hints or clues in a novel or drama to suggest what will happen next. Writers use Foreshadowing to create interest and to build suspense.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  method used to build suspense by providing hints of what is to come.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  62. Soliloquy(独白)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Soliloquy, in drama, means a moment when a character is alone and speaks his or her thoughts aloud……2>the line “to be, or not to be, that is the question”, which begins the famous soliloquy from Shakespeare‘s Hamlet.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  63.Narrative Poem(叙述诗)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Narrative Poem refers to a poem that tells a story in verse,2>three traditional types of narrative poems include ballads, epics, metrical romances.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  3>it may consist of a series of incidents, as John Milton‘s paradise lost.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  64.Robin Hood(罗宾豪)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Robin hood is a legendary hero of a series of English ballads, some of which date from at least the 14th century.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  2>the character of Robin Hood is many-sided. Strong, brave and intelligent, he is at the same time tender-hearted and affectionate.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  3> the dominant key in his character is his hatred for the cruel oppression and his love for the poor and downtrodden.4>another feature of Robin‘s view is his reverence for the king, Robin Hood was a people’s hero.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  65. Beowulf(贝奥武甫) Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Beowulf, a typical example of old English poetry, is regarded as the greatest national epic of t he Anglo-Saxons. 2> the epic describes the exploits of a Scandinavian hero, Beowulf, in fighting against the monster Grendel, his revengeful nother, and a fire-breathing dragon in his declining years. While fight against the dragon, Beowulf was mortally wounded, however, he killed the dragon at the cost of his life, Beowulf is shown not only as a glorious hero but also as a protector of the people.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  66. Baroque(巴罗克式风格)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  This is originally a term of abuse applied to 17th century Italian art and that of other countries. It is characterized by the unclassical use of classical forms, in a literary context; it is loosely used to describe highly ornamented verse or prose, abounding in extravagant conceits.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  这原本是用来指17世纪的意大利艺术和其他国家艺术滥用的一个术语。这种风格主要是指对古典形式的非古典运用。在文学领域,这种风格松散地用来指十分雕饰的,大量运用奇思妙想的诗歌或散文。Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  67. Cavalier poets(骑士派诗人)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  A name given to supporters of Charles I in the civil war. These poets were not a formal group, but all influenced by Ben Jonson and like him paid little attention to the sonnet. Their lyrics are distinguished by short lines, precise but idiomatic diction, and an urbane and graceful wit.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  68. Elegy(挽歌)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Elegy has typically been used to refer to reflective poems that lament the loss of something or someone, and characterized by their metrical form.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  69. Restoration Comedy(复辟时期喜剧)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Restoration Comedy, also the comedy of manners, developed upon the reopening of the theatres after the re-establishment of monarchy with the return of Charles II…… Its predominant tone was witty, bawdy, cynical, and amoral. Standard characters include fops, bawds, scheming valets, country squires, and sexually voracious young widows and older women. The principle theme is sexual intrigue, either for its own sake or for money.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  复辟时期的喜剧,又称社会习俗讽刺喜剧,是在查理二世君主复辟后剧院重新开业的基础上发展起来的,其主要的基调是诙谐,淫秽,挖苦和非道德。标准的角色包括花花公子,鸨母,诡计多端的仆人,乡绅,性欲旺盛的年轻寡妇和老女人。主要的主题是奸情,有的是为了性,有的是为了钱。Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  70. Action(情节)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  A real or fictional event or series of such events comprising the subject of a novel, story, narrative poem, or a play, especially in the sense of what the characters do in such a narrative.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  71. Adventure novel(探险小说)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The adventure novel is a literary genry that has adventure, an exciting undertaking involving risk and physical danger, as its main theme, in which exciting events and fast paced actions are more important than character development, theme, or symbolism.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  72. Archaism(古语)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  A word, expression, spelling, or phrase that is out of date in the common speech of an era, but still deliberately used by writer, poet, or playwright for artistic purposes.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  73. Atmosphere(基调)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The prevailing mood or feeling of a literary work. Atmosphere is often developed, at least in part, through descriptions of setting. Such descriptions help to create an emotional climate for the werrors to establish the reader‘s expectations and attitudes.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  74. Didactic literature(说教文学)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Didactic literature is said to be didactic if it deliberately teaches some moral lesson, the use of literature for such teaching is one of its traditional justifications.2>most modern literary works during the enlightenment period tended to be didactic.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  75. Epigram(警句)Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  A short, witty, pointed statement often in the form of a poem.Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

 Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

Upb湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

 

自考“英美文学选读”名词解释(5)

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