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自考“英美文学选读”名词解释(4)

自考“英美文学选读”名词解释(4)

 

  46. Blank Verse(无韵诗)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Blank verse is unrhymed poetry. Typically in iambic pentameter, and as such, the dominant verse forms of English dramatic and narrative poetry since the mid-16th century.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  47. Comedy(喜剧)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Comedy is a light form of drama that aims primarily to amuse and that ends happily. Since it strives to provoke smile and laughter, both wit and humor are utilized. In general, the comic effect arises from recognition of some incongruity of speech, action, or character revelation, with intricate plot.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  48. Essay(随笔)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The term refers to literary composition devoted to the presentation of the writer‘s own ideas on a topic and generally addressing a particular aspect of the subject. Often brief in scope and informal in style, the essay differs from such fomal forms as the thesis, dissertation or treatise.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  49. Euphuistic style(绮丽体)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Its principle characteristics are the excessive use of antithesis, which is pursued regardless of sense, and emphasized by alliteration and other devices; and of allusions to historical and mythological personages and to natural history drawn from such writers as Plutarch(普卢塔克), Pliny(普林尼), and Erasmus(伊拉兹马斯)。2> it is the peculiar style of Euphues(优浮绮斯)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  50. History Plays(历史剧)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  History plays aim to present some historical age or character, and may be either a comedy or a tragedy. They almost tell stories about the nobles, the true people in history, but not ordinary people. the principle idea of Shakespeare‘s history plays is the necessity for national unity under a mighty and just sovereign.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  51. Masques or Masks(假面剧)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Masques (or Masks) refer to the dramatic entertainments involving dances and disguises, in which the spectacular and musical elements predominated over plot and character. As they were usually performed at court, often at very great expense, many have political overtones.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  52. Morality plays(道德剧)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  A kind of medic and early Renaissance drama that presents the conflict between the good and evil through allegorical characters. The characters tend to be personified abstractions of vices and virtues, which can be named as Mercy. Conscience, etc. unlike a mystery or a miracle play, morality play does not necessarily use Biblical or strictly religious material because it takes place internally and psychologically in every human being.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  53.Sonnet(十四行诗)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  It is a lyric poem of 14 lines with a formal or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode in simple narrative form.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  2>it is one of the most conventional and influential forms of poetry in Europe.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  3>Shakespeare‘s sonnets are well-known.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  54. Spenserian Stanza(斯宾塞诗节)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Spenserian Stanza is the creation of Edmund spenser.2>it refers to a stanza of nine lines, with the first eight lines in iambic pentameter(五音步抑扬格) and the last line in iambic hexameter(六音步抑扬格),rhyming ababbcbcc. 3> Spenser‘s the Faerie Queen was written in this kind of stanza.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  55. Stanza(诗节)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Stanza is a group of lines of poetry, usually four or more, arranged according to a fixed plan.2>the stanza is the unit of structure in a poem and poets do not vary the unit within a poem.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  56. Three Unities(三一原则)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Three rules of 16th and 17th century Italian and French drama, broadly adapted from Aristotle‘s Poetics<诗学>:GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  2> the unity of time, which limits a play to a single day; the unity of place, which limits a play‘s setting in a single location; and the unity of action, which limits a play to a single story line.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  57. Tragedy(悲剧) GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  In general, a literary work in which the protagonist meets an unhappy or disastrous end. Unlike comedy, tragedy depicts the actions of a central character who is usually dignified or heroic.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  58.Conceit(奇特比喻)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Conceit is a far-fetched simile or metaphor, a literary conceit occurs when the speaker compares two highly dissimilar things.2>conceit is extensively employed in John Donne‘s poetry.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  59.Metar(格律)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The word“meter” is derived from the Greek word“metron” meaning“measure”。GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  2>in English when applied to poetry, it refers to the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  3> the analysis of the meter is called scansion(格律分析)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  60. University Wits(大学才子)GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  University Wits refer to a group of scholars during the Elizabethan Age who graduated from either oxford or Cambridge. They came to London with the ambition to become professional writers. Some of them later became famous poets and playwrights. They were called“ University Wits”GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

 GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

GQS湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

 

自考“英美文学选读”名词解释(4)

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