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2012年自考英语(一)语法基础考点三

2012年自考英语(一)语法基础考点三

 

  现以动词tell为例,将各种人称数和时态的被动语态列表如下:2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

一般现在时   I +am2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
He(She)+ is + told2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
You(We,They)+ are 
一般过去时   + told2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
I(He,She)+ was 2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
We(You,They)+ were  
一般将来时   +be told2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
I (We)+will(shall)2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
You (He,She,They)+ will  
过去将来时   + be told2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
I(We)+ should2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
You(He,She,They)+ would  
现在完成时   + been told2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
I(We,You,They)+ have2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
He(She)+ has  
过去完成时  I(You,He,She,+ had + been + told We,You,They)  
现在进行时  I +am2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
He(She)+ is + being told2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
You(We,They)+ are  
过去进行时  I(He,She)+ was+ being told2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页
We(You,They)+ were  

   1、用法2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (1)一般现在时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  A statement of owners' equity is frequently prepared to accompany the balance sheet and income statement. 通常编写所有者权益表随同资产负债表和收益表。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  All our shoes are made by hand. 我厂出品的鞋都是手工制造的。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The article is retailed at a higher price than when it was bought wholesale. 物品的零售价高于购进时的批发价。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (2)一般过去时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  She was praised for her economical management of the budget. 她因对预算的管理有方而被表扬。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  An urgent telephone call was made to the company's treasure. 公司财务收到一个紧急电话。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (3)一般将来时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Your will be introduced to the office building. 将向您介绍办公大楼。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Will storekeepers be prosecuted for raising prices without government permission?店主会不会因未得到政府许可提价而被起诉?2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (4)过去将来时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  She told me that her father would be taken to hospital the next morning. 她告诉我第二天早晨她的父亲将被送到医院去。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (5)现在完成时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  These trade terms have been developed by mercantile custom and standardized to a certain extent. 这些贸易条款是在商业惯例中形成并在一定程度上标准化了的。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The consumers should unlearn the propoganda with which they have been fed by the advertizers. 消费者应当摒弃广告商所作的广泛的宣传。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (6)过去完成时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  They told him that the meeting had been cancelled. 他们告诉他会议已被取消。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (7)现在进行时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  In some developed countries, children are being taught by computers. 在一些发达国家,孩子们的课程是用计算机讲授的。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Computers are being used to predict the weather. 计算机正被用来预测天气。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (8)过去进行时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The conversation was being recorded. 那时在对那次谈话进行录音。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The street was being widened. 街道那时在加宽。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The problem was being studied. 那时在研究这个问题。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (9)有两个宾语的主动结构变被动结构2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  We allowed them a commission of 5 per cent. 我们给他们5%的手续费。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  ① They were allowed a commission of 5 per cent.2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  ② A commission of 5 per cent was allowed them by us.2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  We shall give Mr. John a warm welcome. 我们将热烈欢迎约翰先生。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  ① Mr. John will be given a warm welcome.2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  ② A warm welcome will be given to Mr. John.2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (10)动词不定式的被动结构2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  A new study plan(work plan)has to be made. 必须制定一个新的学习计划(工作计划)。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  He will have to be tried for murder. 他因犯杀人罪将要受到审判。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The project is(going)to be completed in October. 这项工程将在十月份完工。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  2、在英语中,被动语态用于下列场合:2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (1)当我们不知道或者没有必要说明谁是动作的执行者时(这时都不用由by引起的短语)2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  My watch has been stolen. 我的表已被偷了。(不知道谁偷的)2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  On Saturday night,on her way home from work,she was robbed. 星期六晚上,在下班回家的路上,她被抢了。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (2)当我们要强调动作的承受者时2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Qu Yuan is also remembered on this day. 也在这一天纪念屈原。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  He will never be forgotten. 永远不会忘记他。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (3)当出于礼貌,措词等方面的考虑不愿说出谁是动作的执行者时,例如:2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  You are requested to give a performance. 请你表演一个节目。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  3、主动句表示被动含义2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (1)及物动词need,want,require,deserve,bear等之后用动名词的主动形式表示被动意义。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  This issue requires dealing with great care. 该问题需仔细研究。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The new instruments want very careful handling. 这些新仪器必须轻拿轻放。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (2)动词find+名词含有被动意义,这时主语多为非生物。如:2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Electronics finds its application in navigation. 电子学在航海上得到应用。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (3)在有些性质形容词后用动词不定式的主动形式表示被动意义。如:2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Atom is too small to see. 原子小得看不见。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The question is easy to answer. 这个问题很容易回答。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (4)在形容词worth之后,用动名词的主动形式表示被动意义。如:2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  This book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  Three points are worth quoting for our purpose. 就我们的目的而言,有三点值得引证。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (5) get+过去分词表示被动意义。如:2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  This question got talked about a little. 该问题曾略加议论过。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  (6)有些介词短语作表语或定语时,表示被动意义。如:2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The question is under discussion. 问题正在讨论。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

  The phenomenon under study is very interesting. 在研究中的现象十分有趣。2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

 2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

2M6湖南自考网_湖南自考本科_湖南自考报名_首页

 

2012年自考英语(一)语法基础考点三

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